Summarize: Ecological chicken breeding is a chicken breeding method that conforms to the current ecological and environmental protection breeding concept, and has relatively strict requirements for every link in the breeding process. This article mainly introduces the characteristics of ecological chicken farming, and then mainly explores the specific breeding requirements, providing a reference for the development of ecological chicken farming, which can provide the impetus for the development of ecological farming, increase economic income for the masses, and protect consumers' food safety rights and interests.
It mainly includes the following points: chicken breeding; ecological breeding technology; animal disease prevention and control
With the improvement of social production and people's health requirements, people's requirements for meat products, especially poultry meat products, are also getting higher and higher, so the development of the ecological chicken breeding industry is gradually becoming mature. In actual ecological chicken farming, it is necessary to invest a relatively high cost, and only by minimizing unnecessary expenses and obtaining better products can bring higher economic returns to farmers. Therefore, it is especially important to research the development of ecological chicken breeding technology.
The characteristics of ecological chicken farming
Ecological chickens are also known as local chickens or stupid chickens, but they do not refer to small-scale free-range chickens raised by individual farmers but refer to chickens that can be raised efficiently and high-quality through advanced science and technology without hormones. In the breeding process, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention not to use hormones to promote ripening and to allow the chickens to have a certain space for movement and proper exercise. From the perspective of sustainable agricultural development, even though the cost of ecological chicken farming is much higher than that required by traditional farming methods, the pressure on the environment is small and the quality of the products is high, which fully meets the relevant requirements of ecological economics. And there is also an opportunity to jointly develop ecological chicken farming and other industries, create more economic benefits and create social benefits at the same time, and meet green food production standards. Since hormones and related antibiotics are not used, it is especially important to supplement nutrition in time during the process of raising ecological chickens. The common method is to feed supplementary materials and fruits and vegetables mixedly, and the drinking water is used mountain spring water rich in minerals to further enhance the immunity of the chickens. Generally speaking, ecological chicken farming is a modern farming model that is green, environmentally friendly, and sustainable, and can fully meet people's demand for high-quality chicken, So in the process of ecological chicken feeding, timely nutrition is particularly important. The common method is to mix ingredients with fruits and vegetables, and drinking water is made of mineral-rich mountain spring water, to further enhance the immunity of the chickens. Overall, ecological chicken farming is a green, environmentally friendly, and sustainable modern farming mode, which can fully meet people's demand for high-quality chicken.
The specific content of ecological chicken breeding technology
2.1 Site Selection
First of all, the site selection of ecological chicken farms should be as far as possible to choose natural woodland or orchard, the use of natural trees to promote the development of chickens on a large scale. In addition, the shelter forest must be far away from roads and residential areas, have a quieter environment, clean water, better light intensity, and ventilation, and have a higher number of insects in the nearby brush or woodland. It is not suitable for areas with steep slopes and must be far away from chemical plants to avoid polluting gas or soil from harming the health of chickens. In addition, the specific location should not be selected in too remote areas to avoid transportation inconvenience and the failure to notify the relevant veterinarian for treatment.
2.2 Chicken farm construction
The construction of the chicken farm has strict requirements, and it needs to be built in the center of the shelter forest, which can strictly separate the living area of the breeders from the breeding area and also needs to have a complete plan for the production and breeding area, which can disinfect, feed, and chicken flocks Activities, pollutant storage or treatment and other related production activities have fixed facilities or sites. If veterinary rooms, isolation rooms, and pollutant treatment facilities are established, they need to be located downwind of the dominant wind direction, at a distance of 50m or more from the main activity area of the chicken flock. The area where the chicken coop and flocks are active needs to be planned on a large scale, and it should not be too crowded. The active area should be fenced with relatively strong materials. At the same time, the height of the chicken coop, as well as the materials of the roof and the vents of the roof are stipulated, and the construction is carried out most scientifically and reasonably to facilitate the subsequent ventilation and disinfection work.
2.3 Fodder configuration
The feed must be natural organic feed, feed with added chemical ingredients cannot be used. And specific feed and forage grass can choose the artificial part and the mode that the natural part mixes. First of all, the requirement for artificial feed is that it needs to be purchased from a regular manufacturer, which can fully meet the needs of organic food, and it is necessary to ensure that the quality of the feed is the best in the industry. The second is natural feed. The requirement for natural feed is not to be polluted and not only forage, but also natural products such as insects, grass seeds, melons, and fruits. Only by ensuring that the nutrition of the chicken meets the requirements can a relatively high-quality chicken be produced and the rights and interests of consumers can be protected. The requirements for feeding are to be able to feed about 5 times a day and have sufficient drinking water. During the period when the chickens are stocked, the number of artificial feeding should be reduced to 2 to 3 times a day. The amount of feeding in the morning is small and the amount of feeding in the evening is many.
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Pulished on Sep. 08, 2023
Pulished on Apr. 25, 2023